Skin needling, also called micro-needling therapy, collagen induction therapy (CIT), and percutaneous collagen induction (PC), is a minimally invasive skin-rejuvenation procedure that involves the use of a device that contains fine needles. The needles are used to puncture the skin to create a controlled skin injury. Each puncture creates a channel that triggers the body to fill these microscopic wounds by producing new collagen and elastin. Through the process of neovascularization (the development of new blood vessels), and neocollagenesis (the creation and inducement of new collagen within our skin), there is improvement in skin texture and firmness, as well as reduction in scars, pore size, and stretch marks.
Micro-needling relies on the formation of micro-channels with resultant healing response.
Following micro-needling, thousands of micro-channels or tiny wounds are produced through the epidermis into the papillary dermis of treated skin. These micro-channels create a confluent (merging) zone of superficial bleeding that acts as a powerful stimulus for the release of various growth factors (Growth factors are compounds that act as chemical messengers between cells, turning on and off a variety of cellular functions. Growth factors are known to play a role in cell division, new cell and blood vessel growth, and collagen and elastin production) such as platelet derived growth factor (PGF), transforming growth factor alpha and beta (TGF-? and TGF-?), and fibroblast growth factor (FGF), which initiate the normal process of wound healing by stimulating the migration and proliferation of fibroblasts that promote collagen deposition.
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Q: Are there any side effects or risks associated with skin needling?
Q: What are the contraindications of skin needling treatments?
Contraindications and precautions include:
Q: Absolute contra-indications include:
Q: Are there any issues with cold sores and micro needling?
If the client has any type of herpes virus dormant or otherwise you cannot use the micro needling device on that area.
Q: Can micro needling be done on active acne?
No. Needling should be avoided during outbreaks.
Q: Can Micro-needling help the aging process?
Treatments with the micro-needling can lift, revitalize and rejuvenate your skin. It is suggested depending on the condition and age of the skin 4 - 6 treatments are recommended.
Q: How is the treatment administered?
Skin needling procedures are performed in a safe and precise manner with the use of the sterile automated microneedle head. The procedure is normally completed within 45 - 60 minutes depending on the required treatment and anatomical site. Before the procedure commences a topical numbing cream is applied to the skin to ensure comfort and a painless experience. After the skin is numbed, the therapist will gently move the device over the skin (much like microdermabrasion) to create miniscule sub-cutaneous injuries. These microscopic wounds stimulate new collagen yet they close within less than an hour.
Q: What is the appearance of the skin after the treatment?
After the procedure your skin will be red and flushed in appearance in a similar way to moderate sunburn. You will also experience skin tightness and mild sensitivity to touch on the area being treated. This will diminish greatly after 1 or 2 hours following treatments and within the next 24 hours the skin will be completely healed. After 3 days there is barely any evidence that the procedure has taken place.
Q: Is Micro-needling safe?
Skin needling does not involve injections and therefore allergic reactions and side effects are unlikely to occur. It is minimally invasive, involves minimal downtime, rapid healing and requires simple after-care.
Q: Can Micro-needling be performed on any skin colour?
Skin needling can be safely performed on all skin colours and types. There is no risk of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, as the melanocytes remain intact, like the epidermis, during skin needling.
Q: Can you perform a treatment if the client is pregnant?
Skin needling is not recommended for pregnant or lactating women due to a number of minor reasons. The needles produce micro-injuries which trigger the natural wound healing response. This wound healing and production of new collagen requires vitamins and nutrients which would otherwise be needed for the baby so is suggested to not be used during pregnancy.
Another minor reason is simply increasing the chances of infection which is never a good idea when pregnant.
Q: Can the micro-needling be done on Asian or Dark skin?
Skin needling can be safely performed on all skin colours and types. There is no risk of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation as the melanocytes remain intact, like the epidermis, during skin needling.
Other invasive procedures such as laser resurfacing are not recommended for Asian or dark skin due to the potential risks of delayed wound healing, pigmentary changes and scarring. This is where skin needling has an advantage as these potential risks are very unlikely due to the epidermis remaining intact.
Q: How is the treatment administered?
Skin needling procedures are performed in a safe and precise manner with the use of the sterile single use 12 needle head. The procedure is normally completed within 30-60 minutes depending on the required treatment and anatomical site.
Before the procedure starts a topical anaesthetic will be applied to the skin to ensure the client is comfortable. After the skin is numbed, the technician gently moves the device over your skin to puncture the epidermis layers of the skin and create miniscule sub-cutaneous injuries. These microscopic wounds stimulate new collagen deposition which may last for up to a year, yet they close within less than an hour.